2015 MAR – IXTLAN DEL RIO

 

The earliest references to this pre-Hispanic site are found in the writings of a priest of 1621.  The writings outline the way of life of these peoples.

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The conclusions drawn were that these temples and mounds were destroyed during the Spanish Conquest.

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This is area was settled around 400 AD and was occupied right up until the Spanish Conquest.  In its day it was an influential site.

Lately it has been dated between 900-1300 AD.

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The site was formerly known as Los Toriles, which is still the common name.  Today it is referred to as the IXTLAN Archeological Site, but it is still mostly known by it’s common name.

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The many groups that settled this region made use of the fertile valleys and abundant water.  Most of the archeological sites in the region have been looted, which is a shame. There is heightened security now to prevent further damage to this site.

But even with the looting, some beautiful pieces of great historical significance have been discovered and retained.

The settlement is made up of over 90 structures, mounds and temples, arranged around plazas and in groups.

The overall site covers some 16,000 square feet.   It is almost 4,000 feet above sea level giving it a temperate climate.  Rainy season planting produced mostly corn, beans, and squash.  The irrigation crops are peanuts, beans, sugar cane, and tomatoes.

300BC

300BC

100-300 BC

100-300 BC

200-650 BC

200-650 BC

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